Predictive value of ERCC1 single-nucleotide polymorphism in patients receiving platinum-based chemotherapy for locally-advanced and advanced non-small cell lung cancer — a pilot study

Paweł Krawczyk, Kamila Wojas-Krawczyk, Radosław Mlak, Tomasz Kucharczyk, Beata Biernacka, Janusz Milanowski

Abstract

Platinum-based chemotherapy is the main type of I-line treatment of advanced and non-operative NSCLC patients without EGFR gene mutation. The excision repair cross-complementation group 1 (ERCC1) is an enzyme that executes the incision of the damaged DNA strand and removes platinum-induced DNA adducts. We investigated whether ERCC1 gene polymorphism has an effect on the response to chemotherapy and survival in 43 patients with NSCLC treated with platinum-based chemotherapy. ERCC1 19007 T>C SNPs were assessed using a PCR-RFLP methods in DNA isolated from peripheral blood lymphocytes. Disease control occurred significantly (p = 0.045) more frequently in patients with CC or CT genotype compared to patients with TT genotype. Median PFS and OS for CC homozygous were 4 and 10.5 months, 4 and 12.5 months for CT heterozygous, but only 0.3 and 1.5 months for TT homozygous patients, respectively. The probability of PFS was significantly higher (HR = 0.438, 95% CI: 0.084–0.881, p = 0.03) and probability of OS was insignificantly
higher (HR = 0.503, 95% CI: 0.129–1.137, p = 0.084) in patients with CC or CT genotype than in patients with TT genotype. Uncommon TT genotype of ERCC1 19007 T>C polymorphism could predict poor response and shortening of progression free survival in NSCLC patients treated with platinum-based I-line chemotherapy. The analysis of this polymorphism may serve as a promising tool in the qualification of advanced NSCLC patients for appropriate chemotherapy.

Keywords

ERCC1; single-nucleotide polymorphism; non-small cell lung cancer staging; platinum-based chemotherapy

By "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl